Just 35 kilometres south of Milan, Pavia is historically very significant in Italy: founded by the Romans, it was then conquered by the Lombards in 572. It was then administered by Charlemagne and became the capital of the Holy Roman Empire. Then, there were the Visconti, the Sforza. Pavia is home to one of the oldest universities in Europe (Ugo Foscolo, Vincenzo Monti, Alessandro Volta and many others taught there). Piazza della Vittoria, the Cathedral of Santo Stefano, the Basilica of San Teodoro, the Ponte Coperto and the picturesque Borgo Ticino are all must-visit sites in Pavia. A few kilometres outside the city there is then one of the greatest Italian Renaissance masterpieces: the Certosa di Pavia, in which Beatrice d’Este, Ludovico il Moro and Gian Galeazzo Visconti are buried. Pavia is a great choice for a day trip: it is very close to Milan and easily accessible by train.
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